Coronary Artery Disease Symptoms and Causes
Our team of interventional cardiologists diagnose and treat coronary artery diseases and related problems with the most advanced minimally invasive cardiac catheterization procedures. The following coronary artery diseases can often be diagnosed using a cardiac catheterization:
Arterial blockage – Refers to the build-up of plaque within the artery. The build-up inevitably affects the blood flow, causing various arterial blockage symptoms, depending on the area in which the arterial blockage has formed.
Congenital heart disease – When heart disease is present at birth, it is called congenital heart disease. It refers to a problem with the heart's structure and function due to abnormal heart development before birth. Congenital heart disease can be a relatively simple heart problem or an extremely complex problem.
Peripheral artery disease – A common circulatory problem, peripheral artery disease is a condition in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs. Many people with coronary artery disease have little or no symptoms. However, other people experience leg pain and cramps while walking that disappears after a few minutes of rest.
Heart valve disease – The valves in your heart control the flow of blood through your heart. Failure in the aortic valve or mitral valve (the left side of the heart) results in left-sided heart failure. This type of heart valve disease leads to an accumulation of fluids in the lungs. Heart valve diseases in the pulmonary and tricuspid valves (the right side of the heart) are rare but can occur as the result of some forms of congenital heart disease or long-term left-sided heart failure. Symptoms of heart valve disease include shortness of breath, dizziness, weakness, discomfort in the chest and palpitations,
Pulmonary hypertension – This condition occurs when pressure in the pulmonary circulation becomes abnormally elevated. Constriction, or stiffening, of the pulmonary arteries that supply blood to the lungs causes pulmonary hypertension. Consequently, it becomes more difficult for the heart to pump blood forward through the lungs. Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension range in severity and can include shortness of breath with everyday activities, fatigue, dizziness and fainting spells.
Atrial Septal Defect – This condition is sometimes referred to as a hole in the heart. Atrial septal defect is a type of congenital heart defect (present at birth) in which there is an abnormal opening in the dividing wall between the atria which are the upper filling chambers of the heart. Symptoms of atrial septal defect include shortness of breath, heart murmur, fatigue, palpitations and swelling in feet, legs and abdomen.