Cardiovascular Disease Causes and Symptoms
Non-invasive cardiac testing specializes in the early detection, monitoring and treatment of cardiovascular disease symptoms and causes, as well as other heart related problems. Our renowned cardiologists and healthcare professionals provide a full spectrum of state-of-the-art non-invasive cardiac testing procedures that help diagnose symptoms of cardiovascular disease:
- Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) – Encompasses various heart problems that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This build up narrows the arteries and makes it harder for blood to flow through. If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow and cause a heart attack or stroke.
- Chest Pain – The most common symptom of a heart attack is chest pain or a discomfort that usually occurs in the center or left side of the chest.
- High Blood Pressure – Also known as hypertension, blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the inside of the blood vessels as the heart pumps, causing the heart to work harder. High blood pressure can cause no symptoms, or in other cases symptoms of high blood pressure could include severe headaches, dizziness, confusion, visual disturbances, chest pain and breathing difficulties. High blood pressure can cause heart disease, stroke, kidney failure and other health problems.
- High Cholesterol – Cholesterol is an essential building block for cell membranes and some hormones. However, too much cholesterol can be dangerous.High cholesterol can clog arteries or lead to hardening of the arteries, heart attacks and strokes.
- Valvular Heart Disease – Occurs when there is damage or a defect in one of the four heart valves: mitral, aortic, tricuspid and pulmonic. A healthy valve has a set of flaps (or leaflets) that open and close fully. A person can be born with an abnormal heart valve, known as a congenital heart defect. A valve can be damaged by infection, rheumatic fever or the normal aging process.
– Also known as an irregular heartbeat, arrhythmias can occur with a normal heart rate (60 to 100 beats per minute), slow heart rates (less than 60 beats per minute) or rapid heart rates (faster than 100 beats per minute). Arrhythmias can also cause an irregular heart rhythm.
- Congenital Heart Disease
– Congenital heart defects are birth defects that range in severity from very simple defects such as holes between chambers and mild valve obstruction; to more complex cases that could involve missing valves or chambers.