Conditions and Symptoms of Common Heart Problems
Preventive Cardiology at North Shore-LIJ provides state-of-the-art diagnosis, testing and treatments for a full range of heart problems, related diseases and disorders including:
Cardiovascular diseases is a general term that refers to various heart problems that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Cardiovascular diseases can have numerous causes.
The most common heart attack symptom is chest pains or discomfort that usually occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
This condition involves the gradual narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries which are the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. The earliest symptoms are chest pains, also called angina, and shortness of breath with exertion. Coronary artery disease is the most common cause of heart disease and is the major reason people have heart attacks.
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when the body does not produce the insulin hormone (Type 1 diabetes) or does not produce enough insulin (Type 2 diabetes). The body needs insulin to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Symptoms vary depending on whether it is Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, the most common form.
Triglycerides are a certain type of fat in the blood that the body uses for energy. Elevated or high triglycerides are above safe and normal levels and can increase your risk of heart disease. The condition can be caused by obesity, poorly controlled diabetes, underactive thyroid, drinking too much alcohol or regularly eating more calories than you burn.
Heartburn is a painful, burning feeling in your chest or throat that occurs when stomach acid backs up into your esophagus. Common causes of heartburn are pregnancy, foods, alcohol and various medications. Frequent heartburn could be a sign of GERD, gastroesophageal reflux disease, which happens when the muscles at the bottom of your esophagus do not close tightly enough.
Heart disease refers to a wide variety of diseases and disorders that can have many symptoms. The most common symptoms are chest pains or discomfort, heart palpitations, light-headedness or dizziness and fainting.
High Blood Pressure
Also known as hypertension, high blood pressure can have no symptoms or various symptoms like severe headaches, confusion, vision problems, chest pains and breathing difficulties. Causes include such factors as ageing, obesity, hardening of the arteries and heredity.
Cholesterol is a fatty, waxy-like substance that functions as a building block for cell membranes and some hormones. High cholesterol occurs when your body has more cholesterol than it needs to function properly. The extra cholesterol usually comes from eating high-fat foods. Over time, high cholesterol can clog arteries and lead to hardening of the arteries, heart attacks and strokes. High cholesterol has no symptoms, so a blood test is necessary to uncover the problem.
Occurs when you take in more calories than you burn through exercise and normal daily activities. Obesity can be caused by several factors including inactivity, unhealthy diet and eating habits, pregnancy, lack of sleep, certain medications and medical problems.